TI:DU:IM Shabbar Sagarwala, Empty Centre: symbolism and the urban structure of Tokyo “Modern Tokyo still maintains this palimpsest of Edo with newer struc-tures built on the symbolic framework; although the city has been destroyed by earthquakes and fires many times, it has rebuilt itself on the persisting form of the old.” TI:DU:IM Ulrich Schneider, Lost and found: architecture for an Endless City “The Kanto earthquake in 1923 provid-ed an opportunity to consider the practical implementation of efficient new construction techniques, using modern forms and materials. […] Innovation and tradition lie side by side.” TI:DU:IM Puente de Nihonbashi en 1840, 1911 y 2016. TI:DU:IM Tokyo en 1945, tras la II Guerra Mundial ES:VE:FL Robert Whiting, Negative Impact of 1964 Tokyo Olympics profound, The Japan Times “In order to avoid buying expensive privately owned land for the train rails, its builders constructed it over water on a route provided gratis by the municipal government, covering the rivers, canals and sea areas below with landfill and concrete in the process. [...] It also became necessary to build overhead expressways above the existing rivers and canals to avoid purchasing land. ” ES:VE:DE Toyo Ito, A Garden of Microchips, The Archi-tectural Image of the Microelectronic Age “The city (Tokyo) appears as a surreal, panoptic vision composed of virtually impossible and mutually cancelling physical and temporal perspectives. The disappearance of the idea(l) framework of reference has reduced the production of the city to a self-ref-erential activity.” ES:VE:DE Kevin Kelly, No harmony all flux “This is where life lives, between the rigid death of planned order and the degeneration of chaos.” IN:ME:SO Momoyo Kaijima, Junzo Kuroda, Yoshiharu Tsukamoto, Made in Tokyo “Los tejados, las superficies de pared, los intradoses y los abundantes huecos entre las edificaciones son sub-productos urbanos vacíos sin uso predefinido. Debido al alto precio del suelo en Tōkyō, utilizar esos espacios acaba volviéndose deseable.”